What is Ph.D.?

PhD is a doctoral degree with an academic focus. A PhD course is Generally for the duration of three years and candidates must complete the course within a period of five to six years. However, the course duration may vary from one institute to the other. Aspirants need to possess a master’s degree to be eligible For a PhD programme.

Candidates can pursue a PhD programme in any stream. In a PhD course aspirants need to select a topic or a subject and do in-depth research on it and answer any queries related to the topic/ subject.

Earlier, candidates could pursue PhD course through the distance mode, however, as per a curriculum issued by UGC in 2017 it is informed that a PhD course pursued through distance learning would no longer be considered.

Candidates who have cleared entrance exams like UGC NETGATEJEST and the likes are usually offered fellowships while pursuing a PhD course. Apart from this, universities such as IGNOU and Delhi University (DU) also offer fellowships to students pursuing full-time PhD courses with them.

Eligibility Criteria for PhD

Aspirants are eligible to pursue a PhD course only if they have completed their master’s degree in a similar course/ field/ stream in which they want to pursue a PhD. Some colleges also specify that candidates need to have completed an MPhil to pursue a PhD course offered by them.

Aside from that, many colleges state that candidates meet the eligibility criteria for PhD programmes offered by them if they have cleared UGC NET. Candidates seeking a PhD in Engineering must have a valid GATE score.

PhD applicants fall into several groups. The following are some examples of PhD candidates:

PhD Admission Process

To secure admission in PhD or research programmes offered by the educational institute, aspirants need to go through the below-mentioned steps:

Step 1: Visit the official website of an educational institute and go through all the information regarding PhD courses offered by that institute and select the area of research that the candidate wants to pursue.

Step 2: Candidates need to keep an eye out for any admission advertisement in newspapers or visit the official website of the university to fill the application form to get admission in the course of their choice. Usually, the admission notification is released 4-5 months before the commencement of the course cycle.

Step 3: Next, candidates need to fill and submit their application forms for the PhD course as per the schedule shared by the educational institute. Aspirants must ensure that they pay the application fee on time and submit all the required documents along with their application form for Admission.

Step 4: Some educational institutes also specify that candidates need to submit a research proposal along with their application form. The application form along with the research proposal is submitted at the Research Unit of the educational institute where scrutiny of the application is held.

Step 5: After scrutiny of the PhD course application form is complete then most of the educational institutes shortlist the names of the candidates who need to appear for the entrance exam and other admission rounds that are conducted for shortlisting aspirants for admission in PhD programmes offered by them.

Step 6: Candidates who are selected for PhD programmes based on the admission rounds are then assigned supervisors/ guides for their PhD research.